The Republic of Iceland is a country of northwestern Europe, comprising the island of Iceland and its outlying islets in the North Atlantic Ocean between Greenland, Norway, the British Isles, and the Faroe Islands. Iceland is a part of the world- encircling undersea mountain system that is the locus of new crust formation. About 11% of Iceland is covered by glaciers. By far the largest of the ice caps is Vatnajökull in Southeast Iceland with an size equal to all the glaciers on the European mainland put together.
Iceland is one of the most active volcanic regions in the world. Iceland has 35 volcanoes that have erupted in the last 10,000 years. On average, a volcano erupts about every 5 years. The newest eruption was in Eyjafjallajökull, which started on 21 March 2010.
Nordic, Scandinavian and British people settled Iceland in the 9th century. It is said that the first permanent settler was a Norwegian Viking who made his home where Reykjavík now stands.
Iceland was the country that had the world's first republican government. The parliament was established in 930 and met continuously until 1291 when Iceland lost its independence and became part of the Kingdom of Norway and later came under the Danish Crown.
There were several independence movements during the 18th century and finally in 1918 Denmark recognised Iceland as a sovereign state under the Danish monarchy.
During World War II Iceland was occupied, first by the British army and then by the United States. In 1944 Iceland, though still occupied by the US, declared the country an independent state.
During the 1990´s, Iceland experienced fast economic growth, particularly the banking sector, and became one of the richest countries in the world until three main banks in the country collapsed in 2008.
The Icelandic higher educational system dates back to the first university founded in 1911. Over the last three decades, new institutions of higher education have emerged and are operating in Iceland.
In Iceland, the state or private parties with state support run most higher education institutions. Currently there are approximately 18,000 students enrolled in the higher education system, of which about 5% are international students.
International students either may attend Icelandic higher education institutions as exchange students or as degree-seeking students.
Students enrolling in a higher education institution in Iceland must have completed a matriculation examination or equivalent level of study. Higher education institutions accept students who possess an equivalent level of maturity and knowledge as assessed by the respective higher education institution.
When applying for higher education studies in Iceland you will need all or part of the following documents:
You may be requested for an interview; for students outside of Iceland we offer interviews by Skype or telephone. Admission requirements can differ between universities and faculties. Please contact the university in question for further information.
For more information visit: http://ask.rannis.is/page/AdmissionApplication
Student assessment is generally based on written, oral or practical examinations, semester papers and assignments. Teachers are responsible for evaluation, but each university or college department provides the overall organisation of the examinations within the regulatory framework of the institution. Examinations are generally held at the end of each semester. Normally a programme of study comprises one major subject along with one or more minor subjects.
Citizens of countries outside the EU and EEA must obtain a visa before entering Iceland.
A student visa is granted to those planning to study full-time in Iceland. Full-time studies are 100% studies at university level, vocational training or other studies requiring an educational background equivalent to university admission requirements.
Once an application for a residence permit is approved, an applicant who needs to obtain a D-Visa prior to his/her arrival must contact the closest embassy issuing such visas on behalf of Iceland.
Submit the following documents:
If a residence permit is granted, upon arrival the applicants shall:
For more information visit: http://utl.is/index.php/en/application-basic-requirement
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