Australia (officially, the Commonwealth of Australia) is a country that is composed of the continent and many of the islands south and around the country (Tasmania, etc). It is the sixth-largest country in the world in terms of area. As you will see from the content of this article, Australia is a country that has a very unique history, culture, and geography.
Covering a total area of 7.69 million square kilometres, mainland Australia is the world’s largest island - but smallest continent. Australia is also the only continent that is governed as a single country. It is sometimes informally referred to as an 'island' continent, surrounded by oceans.
Until the late 18th century, when the country of Great Britain settled it and made it a colony, Australia had thousands of indigenous peoples scattered across the country. Until 1901, the six colonies in this region of the world became a federation, which is what we now know as the Commonwealth of Australia. There are currently over 23 million people living in Australia, the majority of which live in the eastern regions of the country and surrounding the urban areas.
Little do people know, Australia is still a constitutional monarchy under the Queen (currently, the Queen of the United Kingdom, Queen Elizabeth II, is also the Queen of Australia). The Queen’s “hand” in Australia is known as the Governor-General, but he only steps into government affairs if necessary. Alongside the Governor-General, there is an elected parliament, which is overseen by a prime minister. There are 6 states and 2 territories in the country of Australia, each of which has their own parliament as well.
Of Australia’s 23 million population, almost half (47%) of all Australians were either born overseas or have one parent born overseas. There are more than 260 languages spoken in Australian homes: in addition to English, the most common are Mandarin, Italian, Arabic, Cantonese and Greek.
Australia has experienced more than 20 years of continued economic growth, weathering the 2008 global financial crisis better than most advanced economies. Australians also have excellent infrastructure, with five of the top 40 cities with the best infrastructure in the world.
The official currency of Australia is the Australian Dollar – AUD. 1 AUD is 0.9 USD
Australia has some of the best colleges in the world. Several Australian universities are listed in the top 100 best universities in the world. There are also over 1100 education institutions found across the entire country. As of 2009, the Australia higher education system had over 41 universities. Most universities are public institutions, but there is also a limited number of private universities. There are also Australian branches of universities located overseas. Dozens of smaller schools do not grant any degrees or have accreditation – private schools that focus on theology, business, information technology, natural therapies, hospitality, health, law and accounting.
Some of the most popular fields to study are the natural sciences (biology, zoology, chemistry, etc), mathematics, engineering, social sciences (sociology, anthropology, archaeology, psychology, etc), and medical fields (even MD’s and PhD’s). Australian study programmes cover almost every possible subject students might need.Higher education institutions
Most Australian universities are self-accrediting institutions that each run under a legislation (usually at the state or territory level).
Most programme contents are set by the universities offering the courses, and are not controlled by any government entity. Each university is able to set their own coursework and program requirements. As with most countries, teacher education programs are the exception to this rule. The Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership oversees requirements related to becoming a teacher.
The higher education system in Australia is overseen by the federal, state, and territory governments, but each school is unique in terms of the programs they offer and where they are located. The syllabi and program requirements will differ based on the particular schools students attend.General application requirements
To apply directly for the university study programme, download the application form from the education provider's website. If you are applying for courses at more than one institution, you will need to submit a separate application to each institution.
You will need to prepare supporting documentation to send with your application. The documents vary depending on the course, provider and qualification you're studying for. The most important documents include:
After you have accepted your Offer and paid your deposit you will receive an ‘Electronic Confirmation of Enrolment’ (eCoE) by email.
For detailed information about the application process contact the university student admission office.
Check the article that explains how to apply to a university in Australia.Degree studies
Australian study programmes are organized based on the United Kingdom model. The college and university framework consists of ten different levels. The first 7 levels of the AQF are based in undergraduate studies, level 8 is a step between undergraduate and postgraduate studies, and levels 9 and 10 are at the postgraduate level.
There are many opportunities that you will have for studying English if you decide to study abroad in Australia.
Along with testing, many of the universities in Australia offer English as a Second Language courses that you can take before or alongside your regular coursework. These courses are often intensive and help students upgrade their English skills as quickly as possible.
University English as a Second Language courses are usually smaller classes (instead of the large lecture classes you may have for other general education classes). The reason for this is because learning a second language requires a lot of individual attention. You may also be assigned a partner that is a native English speaker to help you learn the language by conversation and direct interaction.English language courses in AustraliaFind a wide selection of English language courses offered in Australia in order to meet English language requirements for university admission. Compare all types of language learning options in English language schools in Australia, from general or intensive English lessons, exam preparation English classes, business English courses, teacher training, and more.
Select one of the diverse English class options in main cities in Australia:
Some international students may not be able to attend a degree in Australia because their previous studies do not match the academic system of the country. To be allowed to take an undergraduate or graduate degree in Australia, they will need to enrol in a one-year pre-Bachelor or pre-Master offered by a local university.
Popular foundation degree studies in Australia include pre-law degrees, pre-MBA courses, pre-medicine, pre-nursing studies, or other types of international foundation programmes in engineering, economics, finance, social science, science and other types of university pathway programmes. Preparation courses in Australia include academic English language training to help international students meet university language requirements for future undergraduate or graduate studies.
Foundation degrees in early years in Australia are perfect for increasing your chances of getting accepted to an Australian university. Pre-university business schools, law schools or med schools make sure international students develop the skills they need to succeed in the Australian academic system. Pre-university education also includes cultural integration classes that help students feel more at home. Some pre-university programmes guarantee enrolment to the institution if students complete the preparation with high grades.
Where can I study a foundation course in Australia?
The top Australian cities where students can take a foundation year programme include: Canberra, Melbourne and other cities in the region, Sydney and other cities in the region, Brisbane and other cities in the region, Adelaide and other cities in the region and more.
If you are applying for a student visa in Australia, there are six different types of visas for you to choose from if you are going for tertiary education:
Here are the requirements of Streamlined Student Visa Processing as of 2013:
For detailed information about student visa requirements, please check out the Australian Government Department of Immigration and Citizenship’s student information page.
Get more insights about the student visa for Australia.
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