Montenegro, under this name, dates back to the 15th century, and for hundreds of years it managed to keep its independency from the Ottoman Empire. After World War I it became part of the Kingdon of Serbs, Croats and Slovens and part of Yugoslavia in 1929. After the disolution of Yugoslavia in 1992, Montenegro formed a loose union with Serbia and became completely independent after the referendum in 2006.
It borders Albania 172 km, Bosnia and Herzegovina 225 km, Croatia 25 km, Kosovo 79 km, Serbia 124 km and the Adriatic Sea. The distribution of the population is Montenegrin 43%, Serbian 32%, Bosniak 8%, Albanian 5%, other (Muslims, Croats, Roma (Gypsy)) 12% and the one of the language is Serbian 63.6%, Montenegrin (official) 22%, Bosnian 5.5%, Albanian 5.3%, unspecified (includes Croatian) 3.7%. The capital is Podgorica and most of the population is Christian Orthodox.
Montenegro is a republic with a President elected for 5 years and a Prime Minister headig the Government for the executive branch. For a legislative body, Montenegro has an unicameral Assembly of 81 members. It has a Constitutional Court and a Supreme Court as judicial branch.
Economically, Montenegro is still suffering from a large and inefficient state sector, but change is slowly implemented towards a market system.