Law

Masters in Criminal Law and Criminology

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More information about the Criminal Law and Criminology discipline

Criminal Law is the instrument of defence of the main social values against criminal action. State sovereignty, independence, unity, personal rights, freedom and property are all protected by law and fall under the incidence of criminal law in case of breach. Criminal law is the summation of all judicial norms, passed by the legislative body of power, which defines acts regarded as crimes, the conditions of indictment and the sanctions and measures that are to be enforced by the criminal courts as consequence of the criminal act. In criminal law it is the state that has the right and obligation to pursue an alleged crime and to determine the guilt of the indicted person, as well as the punishment in the case of proved guilt.

Criminology is the interdisciplinary science that studies criminal behaviour in terms of background, causes, manifestation and society reaction. One of the aims of criminology is crime prevention and control. Forensic science is one of the sub-disciplines of criminology that is concerned with the collection and analysis of physical evidence relevant in a criminal trial. Forensic science requires expert knowledge and skills in many other fields such as medicine, biology, physics, chemistry, behaviour science, psychology, and many others. The field of private investigation is another possibility that criminology offers and it deals with conducting an investigation through fact collection, interviews, surveillance, etc.

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