More information about the Economics discipline

Economics is defined as "the study of the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services in human society" in the Economist's Dictionary of Economics. The objective is to explain how economies work and how economic agents interact. Simply put, economics is the study of how people choose to use resources including, but not limited to the time, the land, buildings, equipment and the knowledge. It has unique methods for analyzing and predicting individual behavior, along with the effects of institutions such as firms and governments, or clubs and religions.

Economics is divided into two main branches; microeconomics and macroeconomics. Microeconomics looks into the behavior of basic elements in the economy, including individual markets and agents (such as consumers and firms, buyers and sellers). For instance, how the change of the price of a good would influence a family's purchasing decisions would be of interest to microeconomics. Macroeconomics, on the other hand, examines the sum total of the decisions made by individuals in a society. Hence it looks into issues affecting an entire economy such as unemployment, inflation, economic growth, and monetary and fiscal policy. As such, how a change in interest rates would influence national savings would be an issue of interest for macroeconomics.

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