University of Helsinki

Particle Physics and Astrophysical Sciences, M.Sc.

  • Application Deadline
  • 24 months
  • English, Finnish, Swedish
What are the laws of nature governing the universe from elementary particles to the formation and evolution of the solar system, stars, and galaxies? In the Master’s Programme in Particle Physics and Astrophysical Sciences from University of Helsinki, you will focus on gaining a quantitative understanding of these phenomena.


With the expertise in basic research that you will gain in the programme, you can pursue a career in research. You will also acquire proficiency in the use of mathematical methods, IT tools and/or experimental equipment, as well as strong problem-solving and logical deduction skills. These will qualify you for a wide range of positions in the private sector.

After completing the Particle Physics and Astrophysical Sciences programme at University of Helsinki, you will:
  • Have wide-ranging knowledge of particle physics and/or astrophysical phenomena.
  • Have good analytical, deductive and computational skills.
  • Be able to apply theoretical, computational and/or experimental methods to the analysis and understanding of various phenomena.
  • Be able to generalize your knowledge of particle physics and astrophysical phenomena as well as identify their interconnections.
  • Be able to formulate hypotheses and test them based your knowledge.

A Master’s degree in elementary particle physics or astrophysical sciences provides you with excellent qualifications for postgraduate education in research or for a career in diverse positions both in Finland and abroad. As a Master’s graduate you could begin a career in research and development in industry as well as in universities and other research institutes that enable you to conduct independent research on a topic that interests you.

Potential employers and career opportunities include
  • Research institutes in Finland and abroad (basic scientific research)
  • Universities and universities of applied sciences (teaching)
  • Industry, particularly high technology companies (applied research and development, managerial duties)
  • Software production, e.g., the game sector
  • Diverse planning and consulting positions
Master’s graduates from equivalent study tracks under the previous degree system have embarked on careers in
  • Research and teaching positions in Finnish universities and research institutes
  • Research and teaching positions abroad, for example at CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research), ESA (the European Space Agency), ESO (the European Southern Observatory), and NASA (the National Aeronautics and Space Administration)
  • Administrative positions, for example at the Academy of Finland or the Finnish Funding Agency for Innovation (Tekes)
  • The business sector

Programme Structure

  • The study track in elementary particle physics and cosmology focuses on experimental or theoretical particle physics or cosmology. The theories that form our current understanding of these issues must be continuously re-evaluated in the light of new experimental results. In addition to analytical computation skills, this requires thorough mastery of numerical analysis methods. 
  • The study track in astrophysical sciences focuses on observational or theoretical astronomy or space physics. Our understanding of space, ranging from near Earth space all the way to structure of the universe, is being continuously redefined because of improved experimental equipment located both in space and on the Earth’s surface. Several probes are also carrying out direct measurements of planets, moons and interplanetary plasma in our solar system. 

Detailed Programme Facts

English Language Requirements

You only need to take one of these language tests:

  • Minimum required score:


    The IELTS – or the International English Language Test System – tests your English-language abilities (writing, listening, speaking, and reading) on a scale of 1.00–9.00. The minimum IELTS score requirement refers to which Overall Band Score you received, which is your combined average score. Read more about IELTS.

    Book IELTS
  • Minimum required score (Grade C):


    The CAE test – or the Cambridge Advanced English – is an exam for applicants who wish to get a Certificate in Advanced English. To receive the Advanced certificate, test-takers must score between 142 and 210 on the Cambridge English: Advanced test. Read more about CAE.

    Note: degree programmes and applications may require a more specific minimum score for admission.

  • Minimum required score:


    The TOEFL – or Test OF English as a Foreign Language – offers a paper-based test (PBT). The final, overall PBT score ranges between 310 and 677, and is based on an average taken from the three test components (listening, structure, and reading). The writing part of this test is scored separately on a scale of 0-6. Read more about TOEFL (PBT).

  • Minimum required score:


    The TOEFL – or Test Of English as a Foreign Language – offers an internet-based test (iBT). The final, overall iBT score ranges between 0 and 120, and includes a scaled average from the four components (reading, listening, speaking, and writing). Read more about TOEFL (iBT).

Academic Requirements

  • You demonstrate by 31 July that you have completed a first-cycle or second-cycle degree or a postgraduate degree in Finland or abroad.
  • You demonstrate by 12 January that you have completed the studies required for the programme.
  • You demonstrate by 12 January that you are proficient in English in the manner specified in Rector’s Decision.
Application Documents:
  • Officially certified copy of the degree certificate / diploma.
  • Official transcript of studies.
  • Certificate of language proficiency.
  • Authorised translations.
  • A photocopy of your passport OR your Finnish residence permit card.
  • Motivation letter and study plan (to be filled in on the application form).
  • A diploma supplement (if available).

Tuition Fee

  • International Applies to you

    15000 EUR/year
    Tuition Fee
    Based on the original amount of 15000 EUR per year and a duration of 24 months.
  • EU/EEA Applies to you

    Tuition Fee
    Based on the original amount of 0 EUR per year and a duration of 24 months.
We've labeled the tuition fee that applies to you because we think you are from and prefer over other currencies.

Living costs for Helsinki

  • 975 - 1590 EUR/month
    Living Costs

The living costs include the total expenses per month, covering accommodation, public transportation, utilities (electricity, internet), books and groceries.


Check the programme website for information about funding options.

StudyPortals Tip: Students can search online for independent or external scholarships that can help fund their studies. Check the scholarships to see whether you are eligible to apply. Many scholarships are either merit-based or needs-based.

The Global Study Awards: get funded with up to £10,000 to study abroad

Together with the ISIC Association and British Council IELTS, StudyPortals offers you the chance to receive up to £10000 to expand your horizon and study abroad. We want to ultimately encourage you to study abroad in order to experience and explore new countries, cultures and languages.

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